Gum disease describes swelling, soreness or infection of the tissues supporting the teeth. There are two main forms of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontal disease.
All gum disease is caused by a film of bacteria (plaque), which forms on the surface of the teeth and gums every day. Many of the bacteria in plaque are completely harmless, but there are some that have been shown to cause gum disease. To prevent gum disease, you need to make sure you remove all the plaque from your teeth every day. Brushing and flossing does this but it is also important to attend regular appointments with your Hygienist.